Buffalo Police Department
Part I Crimes by Year (2008 - Present)
The overall number of Part I crimes has dropped every year from 2008 through 2018, resulting in a 38% drop in Part I crimes.
UCR (Uniform Crime Reporting) Statistics
The FBI's Uniform Crime Reporting (UCR) Program is a nationwide, cooperative statistical effort of nearly 18,000 city, university and college, county, state, tribal, and federal law enforcement agencies voluntarily reporting data on crimes brought to their attention.
Part I Crimes
The seven Part I offense classifications include the violent crimes of:
- Homicide (murder and nonnegligent manslaughter: the willful (nonnegligent) killing of one human being by another)
- Rape (penetration, no matter how slight, of the vagina or anus with any body part or object, or oral penetration by a sex organ of another person, without the consent of the victim. Attempts or assaults to commit rape are also included; however, statutory rape and incest are excluded)
- Robbery (the taking or attempting to take anything of value from the care, custody, or control of a person or persons by force or threat of force or violence and/or by putting the victim in fear)
- Aggravated Assault (an unlawful attack by one person upon another for the purpose of inflicting severe or aggravated bodily injury. This type of assault usually is accompanied by the use of a weapon or by means likely to produce death or great bodily harm. Simple assaults are excluded)
and the property crimes of:
- Burglary (the unlawful entry of a structure to commit a felony or a theft. Attempted forcible entry is included)
- Larceny-Theft (the unlawful taking, carrying, leading, or riding away of property from the possession or constructive possession of another. Examples are thefts of bicycles, motor vehicle parts and accessories, shoplifting, pocketpicking, or the stealing of any property or article that is not taken by force and violence or by fraud. Attempted larcenies are included)
- Motor Vehicle Theft (the theft or attempted theft of a motor vehicle. A motor vehicle is self-propelled and runs on land surface and not on rails. Motorboats, construction equipment, airplanes, and farming equipment are specifically excluded from this category.
Part I Crimes by Month (2008 - Present)
Hover over the chart below to see what Part I crimes occurred in a given month in the City of Buffalo. Crime fluctuates throughout the year with most spikes occurring in the warmer summer months.
However, the monthly data shows a substantial decline in the height of those peaks in criminal activity from 2008 to present. For example, larcenies in July 2008 totaled 1,056; in June 2020, there were 405 larcenies, a 62% drop.
Homicides by Year (2008-Present)
From 2008 to 2020, there were 642 homicides in the City of Buffalo, an average of 50 homicides per year. There were 44 homicides in 2019. In 2020, there were 65 homicides in the City of Buffalo.
Assaults by Year (2008 - Present)
From 2008 to 2020, there were 21,550 assaults in the City of Buffalo. Comparing 2008 to 2020, there's been a 17.4% drop in the number of assaults occurring in the City of Buffalo.
Robberies by Year (2008 - Present)
From 2008 to 2020, there were 16,311 robberies in the City of Buffalo. Comparing 2008 to 2020, there has been a 54.5% drop in robberies in the city. From 2009 to 2020, there were year-over-year decreases in the number of robberies with a minor increase from 2015 to 2016 and 2017 to 2018. There were 13% less robberies in 2020 than 2019.
Rapes by Year (2008 - Present)
From 2008 to 2020, there were 1,743 rapes reported in the City of Buffalo, an average of 134 per year. Comparing 2008 to 2020, there has been a 71.5% drop in cases.
Larcenies by Year (2008 - Present)
From 2008 to 2020, there were 100,325 larcenies in the City of Buffalo. Comparing 2008 to 2020, there was a 41% decline in larcenies over this time period. The 2020 total of 5,604 larcenies was the lowest annual total of the past 13 years.
Burglaries by Year (2008 - Present)
From 2008 to 2020, there were 40,498 burglaries in the City of Buffalo. The number of burglaries rose from 2009 to 2011 but since have seen a year-over-year decrease over the past eight years. Comparing 2008 to 2020, there's been a 48% drop in the number of burglaries occurring in the City of Buffalo.
Motor Vehicle Thefts by Year (2008 - Present)
From 2008 to 2020, there were 14,651 motor vehicle thefts in the City of Buffalo. Since the 13-year high in 2008 (1,855), there has been a substantial decrease in motor vehicle thefts with a spike in 2020.