Buffalo Neighborhoods

Economic Profile

Welcome to Open Data Buffalo's Neighborhood Economic Profile! This is your gateway to data, maps, and other resources describing Buffalo's 35 planning neighborhoods compiled by the Buffalo Urban Renewal Agency (BURA). Explore economic data for any number of neighborhoods by clicking directly on the map below (hold down the control key to select multiple neighborhoods), or make your selection using the dropdown neighborhood filter. Zoom in on the interactive map manually or by making a selection.
Hover over a visualization to view additional details, and select the focus mode icon in the top right corner of each visual to zoom in. Leave focus mode and return to the report by selecting Back to report in the top left corner. Select the full screen option in the bottom right corner to view the entire dashboard on a larger canvas, or view the dashboard at this URL
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Scroll down for additional context and definitions. To see a report of your neighborhood in context, check out the Neighborhood Profile Data Lens and view how your neighborhood compares to other neighborhoods or export data specific to your local community. To view or download the data behind this dashboard, click here.

The data presented in the dashboard is compiled by the Buffalo Urban Renewal Agency (BURA) from the 2016 American Community Survey (ACS). The ACS is an ongoing survey that provides vital information on a yearly basis about our nation and its people. For more information on the survey methodology, procedure, compatibility, history, and more, check out the United States Census Bureau website. The following alphabetized definitions of economic indicators and variables will help you understand the results illustrated above. 

Aggregate Income:
Aggregate income is the sum of all incomes for a particular selection.
This category includes all civilians 16 years old and over who either (1) were “at work,” that is, those who did any work at all during the reference week as paid employees, worked in their own business or profession, worked on their own farm, or worked 15 hours or more as unpaid workers on a family farm or in a family business; or (2) were “with a job but not at work,” that is, those who did not work during the reference week but had jobs or businesses from which they were temporarily absent due to illness, bad weather, industrial dispute, vacation, or other personal reasons. Excluded from the employed are people whose only activity consisted of work around the house or unpaid volunteer work for religious, charitable, and similar organizations; also excluded are all institutionalized people and people on active duty in the United States Armed Forces. 
Government (Employment Type):
Includes people who were employees of any local, state, or Federal governmental unit, regardless of the activity of the particular agency. For ACS tabulations, the data are presented separately for the three levels of government. Employees of Indian tribal governments, foreign governments, the United Nations, or other formal international organizations controlled by governments were classified as “Federal government workers.” The government categories include all government workers, though government workers may work in different industries. For example, people who work in a public elementary school or city owned bus line are coded as local government class of workers. 
HHs w/ Earnings (Households with Earnings):
Earnings are defined as the sum of wage or salary income and net income from self-employment. “Earnings” represent the amount of income received regularly for people 16 years old and over before deductions for personal income taxes, Social Security, bond purchases, union dues, Medicare deductions, etc. An individual with earnings is one who has either wage/salary income or self-employment income, or both. Respondents who “break even” in self-employment income and therefore have zero self-employment earnings also are considered “individuals with earnings.” 
HHs w/ PA (Households with Public Assistance income):
Public assistance income includes general assistance and Temporary Assistance to Needy Families (TANF). Separate payments received for hospital or other medical care (vendor payments) are excluded. This does not include Supplemental Security Income (SSI) or noncash benefits such as Food Stamps. The terms “public assistance income” and “cash public assistance” are used interchangeably in the 2016ACS data products.
HHs w/ SS (Households with Social Security income):
Social Security income includes Social Security pensions and survivor benefits, permanent disability insurance payments made by the Social Security Administration prior to deductions for medical insurance, and railroad retirement insurance checks from the U.S. government. Medicare reimbursements are not included.
Household Income:
This includes the income of the householder and all other individuals 15 years old and over in the household, whether they are related to the householder or not. Because many households consist of only one person, average household income is usually less than average family income. Although the household income statistics cover the past 12 months, the characteristics of individuals and the composition of households refer to the time of interview. Thus, the income of the household does not include amounts received by individuals who were members of the household during all or part of the past 12 months if these individuals no longer resided in the household at the time of interview. Similarly, income amounts reported by individuals who did not reside in the household during the past 12 months but who were members of the household at the time of interview are included. However, the composition of most households was the same during the past 12 months as at the time of interview.
Labor Force Participation (LFPR):
The labor force participation rate represents the proportion of the population that is available for work. For example, if there are 100 people in the non-institutionalized civilian population 16 years and over, and 64 of them are classified as either employed or unemployed, then the labor force participation rate would be 64 percent.
Median Income:
The median divides the income distribution into two equal parts: one-half of the cases falling below the median income and one-half above the median. For households and families, the median income is based on the distribution of the total number of households and families including those with no income. The median income for individuals is based on individuals 15 years old and over with income. Median income for households, families, and individuals is computed on the basis of a standard distribution. (See the “Standard Distributions” section under “Derived Measures.”) Median income is rounded to the nearest whole dollar. Median income figures are calculated using linear interpolation. (For more information on medians and interpolation, see “Derived Measures.”)
Poverty Rate:
Since poverty is defined at the family level and not the household level, the poverty status of the household is determined by the poverty status of the householder. Households are classified as poor when the total income of the householder's family in the last 12 months is below the appropriate poverty threshold. (For nonfamily householders, their own income is compared with the appropriate threshold.) The income of people living in the household who are unrelated to the householder is not considered when determining the poverty status of a household, nor does their presence affect the family size in determining the appropriate threshold. The poverty thresholds vary depending upon three criteria: size of family, number of children, and, for one- and two- person families, age of the householder.
Private (Employment Type):
Includes people who worked for wages, salary, commission, tips, pay-in-kind, or piece rates for a private, for-profit employer or a private not-for-profit, tax-exempt or charitable organization. Self-employed people whose business was incorporated are included with private wage and salary workers because they are paid employees of their own companies.
Self (Employment Type):
Includes people who worked for profit or fees in their own unincorporated business, profession, or trade, or who operated a farm.

City of Buffalo Urban Renewal Agency (BURA)
The aim of BURA is to promote efficient planning, financing and completion of neighborhood-driven development projects, to enhance and maintain quality and vibrant urban living in the City of Buffalo. They are committed to fostering a collaborative environment with the community, through accountability of their practices, outreach and advocacy effort for transparency, and building and empowering of the City’s residents. Their aim to become a resource and partner to City residents, other community development agencies, and staff in seeking results to the most pressing issues facing the Buffalo area. 
For more information, view the official website for BURA here.